HTML, which stands for Hypertext Mark-up Language, is in its simplest form a language to create webpages.
There’s much debate as to whether or not HTML is a programming language, however we won’t spend time going into that.
HTML allows the user to develop the structure of a webpage using various elements which are viewed as a complete page in a web browser.
These elements include paragraphs, titles, links, pictures, videos and more.
HTML is not a complex programming language; it’s a simple language that even a beginner can easily grasp.
HTML describes the structure of the webpage, whereas CSS, Cascading Style Sheets, allow the creator to tailor the presentation of the webpage.
In the early days, simple styling was done within the HTML code.
However, as the need for functionality increased and with the removal of most of the presentation functionality from HTML standards, CSS gained a ton of traction and is now the standard way to ‘style’ a website.
CSS helps in the styling of webpage fonts, text sizes, colors, position of the elements such as menus and images on the screen.
While HTML and CSS code are different, CSS is also pretty straight-forward and easy to grasp.